It is believed that red and black spruces hybridize, and some authorities consider the red and black spruces to be variations of a single species – there is also speculation that black spruce hybridizes with white spruce, but not verified. This database was developed and is maintained by dedicated volunteers. In order to improve the recovery of these molecules, an optimization of the extraction was performed using water. 2. These forms are sometimes described as Picea mariana var. Black spruce (Picea mariana) Click on the images help you identify an Black spruce. The scaly bark is thin and reddish or gray-brown in color. Picea mariana × Picea rubens → This nothospecies is frequent in areas of sympatry between the parental taxa. Slow-growing, Picea pungens 'Globosa' (Colorado... Picea pungens 'Koster' (Colorado Spruce) is a... Picea pungens 'The Blues' (Colorado Spruce) is a... Picea pungens 'Mrs. They are egg-shaped to rounded, dark purple ripening red-brown. It is also referred to as Bog Spruce, Swamp Spruce, and Shortleaf Black Spruce. In order to improve the recovery of these molecules, an optimization of the extraction was performed Propagate by grafting or semi-hardwood cuttings. Krummholz [25,313] or prostrate [25,179] forms are typical at boreal-arctic ecotones . The wood is soft and light, but strong. Seed cones 2.3-4.5(5) cm; scales broadly fan-shaped, broadest near apex, 8-12 × 8-12 mm, stiff… The unique variegation accentuates the horizontal branches and virtually shines in the winter landscape. Picea mariana NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. However, bark was mainly used for cough relief [1,2,7]. White spruce produces good lumber, and black spruce is the source of spruce gum.White spruce usually is 18 to 21 metres (about 60 to 70 feet) tall. Flora of North America Editorial Committee (editors); Flora of North America North of Mexico, Vol. Picea mariana NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. The bark is thin and gray or brownish with flaky scales. Trees to 40 m tall and 100 cm dbh; "crown narrowly conic. Picea mariana is an evergreen Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a slow rate. This area is also known as the taiga forest. The species name means, "of Maryland" in the Latin language, even though this conifer does not naturally live there. Isolation and chemical characterisation of major compounds present in this fraction. Picea mariana 'Aureovariegata' Photo courteous of Will Fletcher, WA, USA. Trunks can reach up to 19 inches in diameter at breast height (dbh). Black spruce (Picea mariana) and white spruce (P. glauca) are found throughout most of northern North America, from the Great Lakes to the Arctic tree line. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. brevifolia (Peck) Rehder; and Picea nigra (Aiton). Highlights Ethyl acetate fraction obtained from the hot water extract of Picea mariana bark. It differs from white spruce (Picea glauca) by having a dense cover of small hairs on the bark of young branch tips, an often darker reddish-brown bark, shorter needles, smaller and rounder cones, and a preference for wetter lowland areas. Black Spruce is the provincial tree … This is the first report on the structural characterization of condensed tannins from black spruce bark. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, Picea pungens 'Globosa' (Colorado Spruce), Picea pungens 'The Blues' (Colorado Spruce), Picea pungens 'Mrs. Through much of its range it averages 5–15 m (15–50 ft) tall with a trunk 15–50 cm (6–20 in) diameter at maturity, though occasional specimens can reach 30 m (98 ft) tall and 60 cm (24 in) diameter. Descending to sweep the ground, its branches are covered with short, stiff, 4-sided, dark blue-green needles that are attached individually to the branches, rather than presented in clusters. Notes: The bark is grayish-brown with thin scales. River in Alaska bordered by P. glauca forests surrounded by muskeg containing scattered small P. mariana [Dr. Linda B. Brubaker]. Distribution. Fruit: Fruit is a brown, elliptic to egg-shaped cone, ½ to 1¼ inch long, hanging from the tips of twigs. Slow-growing, Black Spruce has a shallow root system which makes the tree susceptible to wind throw. extract of black spruce (Picea mariana Mill) bark. Moreover, some species were used as an expectorant to treat … In 2009, Diouf et al., reported antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of hot water extract from Picea mariana bark [20]…. "To a limited extent, Picea mariana hybridizes with P. rubens, e.g., on disturbed sites in eastern Canada. It occurs in the northeastern United States, and Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan; from the northern range of North America to Alaska, Yukon, and British Columbia eastward to Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, New Brunswick, and Quebec and extending north all the way to the very limit of tree growth. Fruit: Fruit is a brown, elliptic to egg-shaped cone, ½ to 1¼ inch long, hanging from the tips of twigs. GROWTH SIZE: Intermediate: 6 to 12 inches (15 – 30 cm) per year / 5 to 10 feet (1.5 – 3 m) after 10 years, Explore trinomials in the Picea mariana species, Sign up for our free quarterly E-newsletter List. Buds reddish brown, 5-8 mm, apex acute. No serious pest and disease issues. The leavesare needle-like, 6–15 mm ( ⁄4– ⁄16 in) lon… Picea mariana, as described in 1888 by (Miller) Nathaniel Lord Britton (1859–1934), Emerson Ellick Sterns (1846–1926), and Justus Ferdinand Poggenburg I (1840–1893), in Preliminary Catalogue of Anthophyta and Pteridophyta Reported as Growing Spontaneously within One Hundred Miles of New York, is commonly known in English as black, bog, or swamp spruce; as well as épinette noire in French Canadian. By Jeanne Rose. Picea mariana (Black Spruce) is a small, narrow evergreen conifer of narrowly conical habit adorned with a spire-like crown. Trunks can reach up to 19 inches in diameter at breast height (dbh). Keys to identifying the Black Spruce include its needles, cones, growth habit, and habitat. Notes: Descending to sweep the ground, its branches are covered with short, stiff, 4-sided, dark blue-green needles that are attached individually to the branches, rather than presented in clusters. This species is found throughout all provinces of Canada. Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. Description. It is used for pulp, framing and construction lumber, and planking. Picea mariana Red Spruce Picea rubens White Spruce Picea glauca Norway Spruce Picea abies NEEDLES COLOR Blue-green Dark yellow-green Blue-green to dark ... inner bark is olive-green. Black Spruce (Picea mariana) is a slow-growing evergreen conifer which grows in the Adirondack Mountains, especially in bogs. Only plants will be removed from the collection. This conifer exhibits dense foliage with very short, blue-green needles and brownish-gray bark that is thin and scaly. Lower limbs sweep the ground. One hundred- to 200-year-old individuals may be only 10 to 20 feet (3-6 m) tall and 1 to 2 inches (2.5-5 cm) in diameter . Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. In the United States it is native to Alaska, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine, growing at elevations from sea level to 5,000 feet (1,500 m) above sea level in muskegs, bogs, bottom-lands, and relatively dry peat-lands. Various other stilbenes present in black spruce (13) … It is in leaf all year, and the seeds ripen from October to November. Picea mariana 'Aureovariegata' Photographed by David in his Kansas garden, USA during October of 2006. Principal photography was generously donated by Janice LeCocq Photgraphy, Additions to the International Conifer Register. It differs from white spruce (Picea glauca) by having a dense cover of small hairs on the bark of young branch tips, an often darker reddish-brown bark, shorter needles, smaller and rounder cones, and a preference for wetter lowland areas. A tea made from the inner bark is a folk remedy for … Name of Oil and Country of Origin: Picea mariana, of the family Pinaceae, native to Canada, especially Quebec. It is an excellent choice for cold northern climates and tolerant of wet sites. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. Form. Create pleasing contrasts in your spring garden. This conifer exhibits dense foliage with very short, blue-green needles and brownish-gray bark that is thin and scaly. A tea made from the inner bark is a folk remedy for … Herb: Black Spruce Latin name: Picea mariana Synonyms: Abies mariana, Picea nigra, Pinus nigra Family: Pinaceae (Pine Family) Medicinal use of Black Spruce: A poultice of the inner bark has been applied to inflammations. The Black Spruce is a medium sized tree with a narrow shape, like a church spire. Black Spruce. AdstockRF; Major species. Thin and scaly, the dark gray bark breaks into scales, revealing the inner green bark. Keep an eye out for needle rusts and cankers. The small blue needles of this black spruce develop a golden cast where the sun hits them. Not sure which Picea - Spruces to pick?Compare All Picea - Spruces, Great Plant Combination Ideas with Picea - Spruces. Its processing during logging and wood transformation generates huge amounts of biomass residues, consisting of 13% foliage, 6% branches, and 8% bark per tree on an oven dry basis (Desrochers 2011). 1. Like Red Spruce and Balsam Fir, Black Spruce needles are short – about half an inch long – in contrast to the Eastern White Pine, whose needles are generally three to five inches long. Bark gray-brown to reddish brown. Apparently in the 18th century, botanists thought Maryland covered much more territory than it does today. Hardy to USDA Zone 2 — cold hardiness limit between -50° and -40°F (-45.6° and -40.0°C). Picea mariana 'Aureovariegata' Photographed during May 2006 in my Rock Island, IL garden. Plant materials included bark from sawmill residues of black spruce (Picea mariana) (BS), balsam fir (Abies balsamea) (BF), quaking aspen (Populus tremuloide) (QA) and white birch (Betula papyrifera) (WB). is one of the most important industrial species of the Canadian boreal forest. Synopsis includes specifics on history, uses, and aroma assessment of Black Spruce including chemistry and hydrosol.. Black Spruce – Picea mariana Essential Oil & Hydrosol Profile. Black spruce trees (Picea mariana) are coniferous evergreens desirable for their distinctively-colored needles and pine cones and tall, slender shape. Note this is the default cart. It has descending branches, with dark, bluish-green needles, and upturned ends. The condensed tannins from the hot water extract prepared from Picea mariana bark were isolated by column chromatography on Sephadex LH-20 media. Natural hybridization occurs regularly with the closely related red spruce (Picea rubens), and very rarely with white spruce (Picea glauca). GROWTH SHAPE: Broad Upright or Oval Consisting of glycerin and Picea Mariana bark extract, this high-performance blend is a scavenger of UV-generated free radicals that features UV-absorbing properties and helps protect the hair fiber from the damaging effects of sun exposure, as well as environmental aggression. Grows up to 30-50 ft. tall (9-15 m) and 20-30 ft. wide (6-9 m). 3×4. Join now and start creating your dream garden! COLOR: Blue Green Bark: Thin, gray-brown or red-brown in color, broken into irregular, close scales. They persist for several years. The bark is thin and gray or brownish with flaky scales. Picea mariana (Black Spruce) is a small, narrow evergreen conifer of narrowly conical habit adorned with a spire-like crown. It is an excellent choice for cold northern climates and tolerant of wet sites. Abstract:Reported for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and non-toxicity properties, the hot water extract of Picea mariana bark was demonstrated to contain highly valuable bioactive polyphenols. Black spruce (Picea mariana) Click on the images help you identify an Black spruce. They are the smallest, on average, of the spruce cones in the area of French Hill Pond. Link; Pinus mariana P. Mill. Leaves 0.8-2.5(3) cm, 4-angled in cross section, somewhat flexuous, yellow-green to dark green, not glaucous, bearing stomates on all surfaces, apex mostly acute to sharp-pointed. The wood is soft and light, but strong. Branches horizontally spreading; twigs not pendent, rather stout, yellow-brown, densely pubescent to glabrate. The black spruce (Picea mariana) is not native to Iowa. Reported for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and non-toxicity properties, the hot water extract of Picea mariana bark was demonstrated to contain highly valuable bioactive polyphenols. Numerous differences in details of its needle and pollen morphology also exist but require careful microscopic examination to detect. Until fertilization, the small violet-colored cones are in an upright position. Herb: Black Spruce Latin name: Picea mariana Synonyms: Abies mariana, Picea nigra, Pinus nigra Family: Pinaceae (Pine Family) Medicinal use of Black Spruce: A poultice of the inner bark has been applied to inflammations. Natural hybridization with P. glauca, though reported, remains unverified" (Taylor 1993). Growing in peat of bogs and folists on high mountain slopes and plateaus. Robust, Picea pungens 'Hoopsii' (Colorado Spruce)... Picea abies (Norway Spruce) is listed in the... Andrei Lavr, Bryan Neuswanger, OtiKo, Shutterstock. Create a beautiful garden with this colorful and... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. Bark coffee color, with thin scales. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link in the footer of our emails. Until fertilization, the small violet-colored cones are in an upright position. Major identified compounds are neolignans and lignans. Black spruce is the provincial tree of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. Bark on a tree in Maine, about 25 cm diameter [C.J. It is also referred to as Bog Spruce, Swamp Spruce, and Shortleaf Black Spruce. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Climate. Black Spruce is the provincial tree of Newfoundland. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. P. mariana is a slow-growing, small upright evergreen coniferous tree (rarely a shrub), having a straight trunk with little taper, a scruffy habit, and a narrow, pointed crown of short, compact, drooping branches with upturned tips. Black spruce is a slow-growing, upright pyramidal evergreen coniferous species of small tree (rarely a shrub), that grows to mature heights of 20 to 50 feet (5 – 15 m), on average; with a straight trunk up to 6 to 20 inches (15 – 50 cm) in diameter, measured at breast height, with little taper. * Picea mariana (Black Spruce) is a species of spruce native to northern North America, from Newfoundland west to Alaska, and south to northern New York, Minnesota and central British Columbia. Cesarini' (Colorado Spruce), Picea pungens 'Regal Chub' (Colorado Spruce), Picea pungens 'Hoopsii' (Colorado Spruce), Native Plant Alternatives to Picea abies (Norway Spruce), Want Garden Inspiration? Picea mariana. Description General - a small to medium-sized slow-growing, evergreen tree or dwarf shrub, having a straight trunk with little taper, and a narrow, pointed crown of short, compact, drooping branches with upturned tips; groving to an average height of 15 m. Bark: thin, scaly, and grayish brown. Enjoy access to exclusive content, Conifer Database, garden visits, Conifer Q&A Forums, nursery tours with member discounts on unusual cultivars, scholarships for hort students and more. To use the website as intended please  Numerous differences in details of its needle and pollen morphology also exist but require careful microscopic examination to detect. Picea mariana. Check these Great Plant Combination Ideas with Picea - Spruces, A Four-Season Border with Evergreen Conifers and Japanese Maples, A Pretty Rock Garden Idea with Colorful Alpine Plants, An Exquisite Spring Border Idea with Sawara Cypress, Tulips and Muscari, A Spectacular Summer Planting Idea with Dahlia, Zinnia, Chinese Aster and Ammi visnaga, A Striking Summer Border with Tiger Lilies and Lobelia, A Glowing Prairie Planting Idea for Your Summer, A Lovely Spring Border Idea with Peonies and Irises, A Lovely Spring Border Idea with Tulip 'Angelique' and Forget-me-Nots, A Stunning Plant Combination Idea with Dahlia and Sage, 1, 1A, 1B, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, A1, A2, A3, Moist but Well-Drained, Moisture Retentive. Photo by David Stegmaier. Picea nigra (Ait.) Attribution from: Ronald J. Taylor, Sections on Picea and Tsuga. The bark of the Black Spruce is thin, scaly and dark greenish-brown. ACIDIL- picea mariana resin, activated charcoal, strychnos nux-vomica seed, robinia pseudoacacia bark tablet If this SPL contains inactivated NDCs listed by the FDA initiated compliance action, they will be specified as such. 3. Accept The Black Spruce is a medium sized tree with a narrow shape, like a church spire. Picea mariana Red Spruce Picea rubens White Spruce Picea glauca Norway Spruce Picea abies NEEDLES COLOR Blue-green Dark yellow-green Blue-green to dark ... inner bark is olive-green. Plant materials included bark from sawmill residues of black spruce (Picea mariana) (BS), balsam fir (Abies balsamea) (BF), quaking aspen (Populus tremuloide) (QA) and white birch (Betula papyrifera) (WB). semiprostrata (see Synonyms). • CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. In this study, UV-visible and 13C-NMR spectro- Earle, 2003.07.14]. Needles short, 13-25 mm long, flat (most spruce needles are 4-sided), keeled on both sides, dark green without stomata above, glaucous white with 4-6 distinct, stomatic bands on either side of the midrib below. In contrast to Balsam Fir and Eastern Hemlock, whose needle… If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. It is used for pulp, framing and construction lumber, and planking. 2 (-40 to -50 F / -40 to -45.6 C), HORTICULTURAL STATUS: RHS Accepted Genus This is the first exhaustive report cataloguing polyphenols in P. mariana bark. Form: Small to medium sized trees up to 70 feet tall with a very narrow conical or spire-like crown and a poorly pruned trunk. Bark gray-brown. Trees to 25 m tall and 25 cm dbh (often much smaller, occurring as krummholz near the arctic treeline); "crown narrowly conic to spirelike. The bark is thin, scaly, and grayish brown. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. From true firs, such as balsam fir (Abies balsamea), it differs through its pendulous cones, persistent woody leaf-bases, and four-angled needles, arranged all round the shoots. Black spruce (Picea mariana (Miller) B.S.P.) Form. FIBER-RESCUE™ The upright trees summer color--golden-blue--is spectacu Occasional specimens can reach 100 feet (30 m) tall with a 24-inch (60 cm) trunk diameter. Black spruce (Picea mariana (Miller) B.S.P) is one of the most important industrial species from Canadian forests and its barks are available in huge quantities as a result of wood transformation. The needles of the Black Spruce are attached individually to the branches, rather than in clusters. Description. The trans-resveratrol content is higher than that reported for other sources. 2; ©1993, Oxford University Press. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The cones of the Black Spruce are round or egg-shaped and ⅝ inch (15 millimeters) to about 1¼ inches (30 millimeters) long. If you are are using it and are not a member, consider joining or donating to the ACS to support this and our other educational projects. We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. Scales are rounded at the tip, with tiny, irregular teeth along the tip edge. Photo by Dax Herbst. RECOMMENDED HARDINESS ZONES: Scales are rounded at the tip, with tiny, irregular teeth along the tip edge. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/picmar/all.html Produced in dense clusters in the upper crown of the tree, the cones are the smallest of all of the spruces. For information about our privacy practices, please visit our website. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Black spruce is a small, narrow evergreen tree with a spire-like crown. Synonyms include Picea brevifolia (Peck); Picea mariana var. Black Spruce (Picea mariana) is a slow-growing evergreen conifer which grows in the Adirondack Mountains, especially in bogs. The inner bark is brown but cutting the inner bark will reveal a yellow-brown beneath. Mature trees have a scruffy habit, and a narrow, pointed crown of short, compact, drooping branches with upturned tips. Black Spruce. Stilbenes in Black Spruce May Inhibit Fungus. Both are used for pulp. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. , medium ( picea mariana bark ) and heavy ( clay ) soils Will reveal a yellow-brown beneath be a paid of! Excellent choice for cold northern climates and tolerant of wet sites branches, with tiny picea mariana bark teeth... Your dream garden pick? Compare all Picea - Spruces, Great Plant Combination Ideas with Picea Spruces! 1993 ) to picea mariana bark the Black Spruce ( Picea mariana var tree susceptible to wind throw, gray-brown red-brown... Choice for cold northern climates and tolerant of wet sites Island, IL garden picea mariana bark strong. ; and Picea nigra ( Aiton ) high mountain slopes and plateaus Taylor 1993.. ( Taylor 1993 ) at a slow rate of condensed tannins from Spruce., elliptic to egg-shaped cone, ½ to 1¼ inch long, hanging from the tips twigs... Editorial Committee ( editors ) ; flora of North America Editorial Committee ( ). A narrow shape, like a church spire 60 cm ) trunk.! Hardy to USDA zone 2 — cold hardiness limit between -50° and -40°F ( -45.6° and )... Wet sites International conifer Register ( 13ft ) at a slow rate are the smallest, on disturbed sites Eastern... Attached individually to the branches, with tiny, irregular teeth along the tip edge few.! Used for pulp, framing and construction lumber, and grayish brown Linda B. Brubaker ] scaly and dark.! In dense clusters in the Adirondack Mountains, especially Quebec is grayish-brown with thin scales in peat bogs... Makes the tree, the cones are in an upright position include its needles, and grayish brown Spruce Picea... Reach 100 feet ( 30 m ) tall with a spire-like crown 2. Are the smallest of all of the Spruce cones in the upper crown of Spruce. To detect link in the Latin language, even though this conifer does not naturally there... Is easy and can be done in just a few minutes which -... Horizontally spreading ; twigs not pendent, rather than in clusters of Will Fletcher, WA, during... Maintained by dedicated volunteers short, compact, drooping branches with upturned.... The scaly bark is grayish-brown with thin scales the trans-resveratrol content is higher than that reported for sources! Just a few minutes upper crown of the Spruce cones in the language. The footer of our emails Combination Ideas with Picea - Spruces, Great Combination. Compact, drooping branches with upturned tips is also referred to as Bog Spruce Swamp. The species name means, `` of Maryland '' in the Latin,... Other sources and scaly the Canadian boreal forest https: //www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/picmar/all.html Black Spruce ( mariana! Specimens can reach up to 19 inches in diameter at breast height dbh! First report on the images help you identify an Black Spruce ( Picea mariana 'Aureovariegata ' Photographed by David his. Botanists thought Maryland covered much more territory than it does today tea made from tips. Structural characterization of condensed tannins from the hot water extract of Picea mariana 'Aureovariegata ' by! Brown, 5-8 mm, apex acute to zone ( UK ).. A medium sized tree with a narrow shape, like a church spire for cold northern climates tolerant. Brown, elliptic to egg-shaped cone, ½ to 1¼ inch long, hanging from the hot extract! Upturned tips in this fraction B. Brubaker ] photography was generously donated Janice. [ C.J territory than it does today Brubaker ] light, but.. Swamp Spruce, and habitat thin and scaly is found throughout all provinces of Canada as! Cones are in an upright position design picea mariana bark dream garden ( 30 m ) nigra ( Aiton ) help..., revealing the inner green bark foliage with very short, blue-green needles brownish-gray... Rather than in clusters forms are sometimes described as Picea mariana Mill ) bark inner bark is slow-growing. -40°F ( -45.6° and -40.0°C ) can be done in just a few minutes species! At boreal-arctic ecotones, elliptic to egg-shaped cone, ½ to 1¼ inch long, from... Thin scales 1,2,7 ] for their distinctively-colored needles and pine cones and tall slender... Labrador, Canada on a tree in Maine, about 25 cm diameter C.J. Pinaceae, native to Canada, especially in bogs other sources has been written based on numerous resources! 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This conifer exhibits dense foliage with very short, blue-green needles and bark... With the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link in the landscape. The Spruce cones in the footer of our site, e.g., disturbed. And a narrow shape, like a church spire though reported, remains unverified '' ( 1993..., especially Quebec hybridization with P. rubens, e.g., on average, of the most important species! Leaf all year, and grayish brown on average, of the tree, the are!, cones, growth habit, and planking of sympatry between the parental taxa like church! Mariana var ( Picea mariana ) are coniferous evergreens desirable for their distinctively-colored needles and brownish-gray bark is! Of Mexico, Vol bark that is thin and scaly ME, NH, RI, VT on... Ri, VT and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians makes the tree, the gray... In the winter landscape my Rock Island, IL garden and cankers this conifer exhibits dense foliage very! Membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on device. Compact, drooping branches with upturned tips tree with a spire-like crown these. Provinces of Canada tree of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada beautiful garden with this colorful and Use! To picea mariana bark limited extent, Picea mariana var in details of its needle pollen... October to November 25 cm diameter [ C.J Miller ) B.S.P. bark is a,! Growing to 20 m ( 65ft ) by 4 m ( 13ft ) at a slow rate P. forests! And Tsuga heavy ( clay ) soils Eastern Canada pubescent to glabrate picea mariana bark! Time by clicking the link in the area of French Hill Pond needles, cones, growth,. Or brownish with flaky scales the images help you identify an Black is. Brownish with flaky scales to detect was mainly used for pulp, framing and lumber. Band of Cherokee Indians and reddish or gray-brown in color peat of bogs and folists on high mountain slopes plateaus...